Made up of five major ethnic groups, the natives of Uganda speak over 30 languages and dialects. Amidst this diversity, Uganda is a nation of solidarity, equal opportunity and tolerance. Culture and tradition continue to be handed down from generation in preservation of Uganda's only-one-of-its-kind heritage.

North, South, East, Central and West all intertwine their distinguishing customs, beliefs and traditions into a wealthy tapestry that creates the diverse national identity which defines the Ugandan culture at the moment.

The country's ethnic evolution can be traced back to the 10th century AD. The Bantu, Uganda's primary inhabitants, are an ethnic and linguistic group with over 130 million people in Africa. They lay down their ancestry in the central and southern parts of the country and constitute half of the population. Among the Bantu tribes are the Baganda, Banyankole, Bagisu, Bakiga, Batooro, Basamia and Baruli among others.

 

The north and north eastern parts of Uganda were largely populated by the Nilo-hamites and Nilotes whose genesis can be traced back to Ethiopia. As a semi nomadic people, their migratory habits led them to split and settle in different parts of the country. Ultimately, some adopted languages and customs that resulted in distinctions that can be clearly identified between them today. Nilotic tribes include the Langi, Luo, Iteso, Sebei and Karamajong.

The Sudanic speakers from West-Nile form another group. The Lugbara, Madi, Bari, and Metu are counted as part of this group. They are sometimes referred to as the Madi-Moru group.