The chances of HIV being transmitted depends on the type of contact. HIV is most easily transmitted through unprotected sex.
Oral sex has been shown to be less risky than that, but it is not risk-free.
It is also possible to get other sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, herpes and gonorrhea through oral sex.
Studies on risk of oral sex
Even though oral sex is a lower-risk activity, there are people who have reportedly become infected with HIV t\in this way.
Several studies have tried to determine the exact level of risk of oral sex, but it is difficult to get accurate information. Since oral sex is not the only sexual activity for most people, it is also difficult to single out oral sex as the definite way HIV was transmitted.
Because of that, different studies have reported different levels of risk ranging from less than 1% to about 8%.
The take home message of these studies is that oral sex carries a small, but real risk.
Tips for safer oral sex
Oral sex is more risky, if you or your partner have an un-treated STD, bad oral hygiene (bleeding gums, ulcers, gum disease), or ejaculate in the mouth. But there are things you can do to reduce the risk associated with oral sex.
• Don't do it if you or your partner has mouth
Taking an active role in your child's life can make a huge difference in his/her future school performance and boost their confidence and self-esteem. Parents are socially obliged to give their children as many opportunities to be successful as possible. The easiest way to do this nurturing is by spending as much time as possible with your child. Parents need to be there to be as witnesses to their children's lives. That means creating good times, but more importantly, it means being there when things are tough. It means being an active participant in your child's everyday struggles.
Have your children engage in extracurricular activities. They are beneficial for children and teenagers equally. They help kids discover their physical, creative, and social prospective. They also allow kids to find out where their career or political interests may lie. Some activities, such as volunteer work, allow kids to experience how their time and effort benefits others in need.
These activities can teach your children real-world skills that encourage life-long interests because most encourage teamwork and leadership skills, responsibility and discipline. And also teach them how to multitask and micromanage as they manage the demands of school, friends, and family.
On the most important day of Carol's life-her wedding- the 27-year-old hairdresser says she felt beautiful. During the last two months of preparation, carol used skin bleaching products in anticipation of this day. At the ceremony, her complexion, which she normally describes as coffee-colored was a creamy café au lait. As hundreds gathered outdoors, carol stayed in the shed to protect her lightened skin from the sun.
"When I did step out to have my picture taken, my skin was so sensitive it felt as if I was being scorched with an iron," she says.
Wedding ceremonies are just one of the occasions for which most women lighten their skin, knowingly risking cancer in the process. The practice is also common before festive holidays, when women have higher chances of travelling to their villages to their villages and meeting friends and relatives that they haven't seen in a long time.
Some women don't wait for special occasions; they use bleaching products every day.
In societies such as Uganda, where dark skin is a marker of toiling in the sun, lighter skin signifies affluence.
Nasaali Liz, a professor, believe that is a legacy of the colonial days, when European rulers,by their very existence, established a link between power, affluence and light complexions. Europeans are also said to have showed favoritism to paler Africans. Before chemical skin bleaching first arrived in Uganda in the eighties, it was a question of staying out of the sun and not using very-effective herbal masks. But with the addition of bleach, these creams have become more potent and the practice increasingly widespread.